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Saturday, December 31, 2011

Maritime News-December

Six Bronze Age logboats discovered during excavation in Cambridgeshire, UK. Textiles, eating utensils and a variety of other artifacts, all discovered in "pristine condition"

Five shipwrecks found in Stockholm, Sweden. The wrecks date from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. A wreck from the 17th century with plank sewn technology was discovered last year within this same area. 

Archaic Port discovered off the coast of Turkey between Urla Limantepe and Urla Port. The project was organized by Ankara University Underwater Research and Application Center.
Maritime Heritage at the U.S. Merchant's Marine Academy (King'sPoint, New York) is undergoing significant change with the loss of the training ship, King's Pointer.

Debate about the exhibition of artifacts from the Belitung Shipwreck-a dhow found near Indonesia. Smithsonian's Sackler Gallery formed a committee and discussed these concerns December 8th and 9th

Occupy Bellingham protesters evicted from Maritime Heritage Park

Maritime Heritage and a three story Maritime Discovery Centre the focus of revitalization for Brockville, Ontario in the next year. The Centre will focus on the maritime history of the St. Lawrence River

Tall ships experiencing financial difficulties. Masts, booms and spars to be replace on the Schooner Virginia while the Spirit of South Carolina is currently for sale to relieve debts

Shipwreck Graveyard discovered beneath a parking lot in Sunbury, Western Australia

Interview with Dr. Susan Langley

Walter B. Allen wreck in Lake Michigan added to the National Register of Historic Places

Inside the Sharjah Maritime Museum of the United Arab Emirates

Virtual Reconstruction of the Pepper Wreck by Texas A & M University

Kennewick prepared to launch from Port Townsend, Washington

Sri Lanka Maritime Archaeology Unit recovering artifacts from wreck near Chilaw Coast

Good-bye 2011!

Happy New Years from Maritime Culture!

Wednesday, November 30, 2011

Maritime News-November

Earliest recorded fish hook excavated at the Jerimalai Cave site in East Timor. Evidence that prehistoric man  was deep-sea fishing 42,000 BP.

Divers in 'gigantic' 17th-century warship find
17th century shipwreck found off the Swedish coast believed to be the warship Svardet

Excellent video on the Ghost Wreck in the Baltic Sea, a different wreck than the Svardet. Both wrecks were recorded by Deep Sea Productions and MMT.

Foss Maritime Company of Seattle and the Puget sound are honored for environmental excellence. Check out information on Thea Foss founder of this company.

Ceramic pots in the Baltic Region are examined for evidence of land, sea and freshwater resources.

Droughts lower Texas lake levels, artifacts revealed, looting becoming a serious issue.

Bali Yatra Festival in Odisha (Orissa), India brings tourists from all over the world to experience maritime culture and commerce.

Excavation will begin to dig up a ship buried in Koombana Bay. Generic image
Two possible shipwrecks found in magnetometer survey to be excavated in Bunbury, Western Australia. Flinders University students work closely with WA Maritime Museum.

Cannon unveiling at St. Augustine, Lighthouse Archaeology Maritime Program (click here for video)

St. Augustine Maritime Heritage Foundation breaks ground for construction of replica 16th century ships and port.

West Wight's Sunken Secrets published-apps for finding wrecks while diving the Isle of Wight


Heritage Lottery Fund grants 1.4 million pounds to the Royal Museum of the Navy in Portsmouth, UK to create exhibits showcasing naval history of the last one hundred years.

Province of Nova Scotia funding design study for Fisheries Museum of the Atlantic in Lunenberg, Canada.

Australian National Maritime Museum reintroduced entry fee

Maritime Feast at the Custom House Maritime Museum in Newburyport, Massachusetts with traditional dishes of early French and Yankee Settlers.


Condition of artifacts from the Erie Belle shipwreck stored at the Walker House Museum in Ontario, Canada. Artifacts donated by local diver.


Planning for redevelopment of Bay City port, Michigan. Timeline of all the key planning and design studies that go into port preservation and development. Check it out-very unique news presentation!

Odisha, India. Maritime Archaeologists uncover the rich maritime heritage of the Odisha coast.

"Reef chief recommends port rethink", lol, that title was too awesome to change!

Archaeologists recording coastal heritage in Dalma Island, Abu Dhabi, U.A.E.


Özkan Gülkaynak, the sea traveling ‘Crazy Turk' publishing his adventures-On the East Side of the Route to Freedom.

Peter Blanker's novel "When Rats Eat the Fat" is launched at Shetland Museum and Archives, the story is based on a shipwreck in 1653 near Yell, Amsterdam.

Marine Art exhibit-the 15th National Exhibition of the American Society of Maritime Artists at Old School Square, Delray Beach, Florida.

"Moby!" a four month program in New Bedford, Massachusetts celebrating Herman Melville's Moby Dick.


2012 Classic Boat Calendar on sale now

Book Review-Poxed and Scurvied: The Story of Sickness and Health at Sea

*This is going to be a very informal review, as I am writing a formal book review for publication.

Brown, Kevin. 2011. Poxed and Scurvied: The Story of Sickness and Health at Sea. Naval Institute Press, Annapolis

At first this book seems a bit unorganized, but as you continue to read the chapters, a pattern emerges. Each chapter is a new topic (or two) but always covers disease prevention, nutrition, diet, exercise, treatment aboard and treatment ashore. Usually in that order. Brown covers from the 14th century through today.

I'm not sure if it is because I worked at the Country Doctor Museum for a year during grad school or if it is that weird fascination that most people have about tragedy, but I really enjoyed this book. I found it interesting and insightful in so many ways. For example, most scholars reference the transmission of epidemics from old world to new world and the return-favor disease of syphilis. Brown goes farther, explaining why epidemics break out on ships, the development of maritime hospitals and quarantines to deal with these diseases, and the ground breaking work of ship surgeons. He explains that ships were the ideal control group with diseases accelerated by conditions, hygiene and lack of treatment options. Also the patients were all very similar-men, youngish, and had the same diet and environmental conditions=perfect control group!

Brown doesn't just focus on the sailors. Many have learned about the horrible conditions of slave ships. Brown presents some of those conditions and takes it further. He explains the motivating factor of money on health in the slave trade. It is cheaper to throw sick slaves into the sea before they die rather than report a sickness related death. And there is no monetary reason to treat sailors as they are less valuable than the slaves. He goes on to discuss emigrants on passenger ships-sometimes just as crowded as slave ships. He talks about the health exams before boarding, women and children's health aboard (first time large numbers of women and children were crossing oceans), and the infamous health exams at Ellis Island.

I learned a lot, and gathered some of the missing pieces in maritime medicine! I would recommend it to anyone interested in medical history or sickness at sea.

Friday, November 18, 2011

UNESCO visits Liverpool Port: Heritage versus Industry

I was with a group of Marine Option Program students in Maui and we passed through a scenic valley and there, in the middle of it, was an abandoned industrial building. The smokestacks were stark outlines in the sky and barren of smoke. It had a sort of beauty to it. A leftover image of an era gone by. The MOP Director stated that it was too bad that this building was ruining the beauty of the valley. I shared my thoughts and was dismissed by Director Hunt, who was a marine biologist. I briefly argued with the van full of marine biologists before giving it up. I wish I could have portrayed my awe and amazement at the progress of mankind! At the beauty of the industry and busy lives of men!

As an industrious people, it is often efficient to take down the old to make way for the new. This causes a crazy sort of balancing act for heritage issues. How much history do we try to preserve? It's generally recognized that we can't save it all. So the next question-how do we determine what is valuable enough to save? Is there ever a case where preservation actually prevents forward progress? How do we reconcile preserving industry with carrying forward industry?

UNESCO World Heritage Centre representatives arrived in Liverpool on November 14 to examine proposed port development in Liverpool, England. A report should be generated by December. Liverpool was designated a World Heritage Site in 2004. Media seemed to grab hold of the fact that Liverpool might lose its World Heritage Site status. There is concern that the proposed development would cause damage to the Three Graces, or rather, interfere with the view of the Three Graces. It seems apparent that no harm will come to the actual physical buildings from development. However, how will development affect the iconic beauty of the port?

This is actually a growing concern in numerous places. The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has recently been attempting to define viewsheds through GIS mapping with the goal of preserving historic trails. Some states have enacted viewshed protection acts (IN, NH) and several cities have enacted viewshed protection codes and acts (Approaches to Viewshed Protection Around the Country). Cities and states seem to define viewsheds differently. Heights, view corridors, radii of viewsheds, are frequently included in viewshed protection. I think the BLM GIS studies are unique in that angles, viewer perspective, target height and natural obstructions are taken into account. The goals of these viewshed studies are to separate and allow development (like cell phone towers or pipelines) while preserving historic properties. 

Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City © English Heritage/National Monuments Record

The goal of Liverpool's proposed development is to regenerate the northern docklands. Pam Wiltshire stated "It's just a matter of balance between the needs of the World Heritage Site and the need to continue to regenerate and develop our economy." The last two decades have led to an increased understanding of preservation and conservation of artifacts, buildings, and monuments. Add to this the new development of viewshed protection and I think a balance between development and preservation can be achieved. As that understanding continues to grow. I think that as long as all of the issues are carefully considered and that the needs of the people are a priority, then heritage and industry can be balanced. The picture above captures the beauty of the Three Graces, while the picture below is also beautiful, in my opinion. It captures a blending of times and the industry of man, with the Great Western Railway building dating to the nineteenth century, the Three Graces dating to the twentieth century, and construction today in the twenty-first. I'm looking forward to reading the report and seeing if the Liverpool viewshed is considered during review of the proposed development.

The Three Graces
The Three Graces, with cranes at work on the nearby waterfront construction site Photograph: David Sillitoe for the Guardian

Monday, October 31, 2011

Maritime News-October

Divers examine HMS Sirius
Recording the HMS Sirius. Photo by Western Australian Museum
HMS Sirius added to World Heritage list

Wreck discovered from a Mongol invasion fleet from 1281 CE, ships knows as "Kamikaze"

Another cannon recovered from the Queen Anne's Revenge  (kuddos to NCDCR for keeping this project alive during tough economic times). This season marks a new collaboration between the ECU Maritime Studies Program and NCDCR with several students becoming involved in excavation and conservation of the QAR (following in the footsteps of LK Schnitzer, ECU Maritime Studies Student, who has been an intern on the QAR project since August 2010). Nice commentary and guiding of the cannon, Josh Marano! Students also found artifacts during dredging (way to go Laurel Seaborn and Rob Minford!).

RMS Lusitania artifacts undergoing study: preliminary assesment by Dr. Ian Panter

Commencing Maritime Archaeology in the Gulf of Oman

"Maritime Memories" exhibit on display at the Lyme Regis Museum (United Kingdom) includes two lerret boats

Picton Maritime and Heritage Museum (New Zealand) plans to add a wing for Maritime Whaling Heritage

Grants awarded to Mystic Seaport

Maritime Museum in Vittiriosa, Malta gives students a "Culture Card"

National Maritime Museum in Amsterdam opens after renovation


Treatment of Shipwrecks: Several old ethical debates summarized (treasure hunting vs. maritime archaeologists, in situ vs. recovery)

Maritime border dispute between Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait

Cherry Point, Washington shipping terminal preparing to export large amounts of coal, problems due to illegal logging


Qingdao leads the nation in marine developments

Qingdao, China becoming a leading industrial port in the world, a center for marine research

Seattle Viaduct (dubbed Viadoom during construction) reopened

Continental Maritime of San Diego recognized for shipyard safety

Acre, Israel: Making Port-Town Archaeology Accessible to Public

Hundreds visit Cape May Lighthouse, New Jersey

Dr. Kathryn Bard presents on Punt: An Egyptian Harbor


Artwork of Deryck Foster features Bermuda Maritime Heritage

"Search for Jefferson Davis" shown at Orlando Film Festival on October 23, 2011, re: a Civil War Shipwreck discovered near St. Augustine, Florida

Songs Sung by Maritime Historian

Wednesday, October 26, 2011

Flooding in Southeast Asia

Image: An aerial view of a flooded temple at Wat Chaiwatthanaram

Throughout August, September and October, heavy rains have pounded Southeast Asia. The resulting floods covered two-thirds of Thailand and over 100 temples were inundated (news link). This includes several World Heritage sites that are now underwater sites.

October 7, 2011

I was going to wait a couple of weeks for the water to go down and and then post about the problems of conserving these sites, but it has become apparent that water levels are rising and flooding continues. It has been two and a half weeks and now I just want to raise awareness of what's happening to these people as their homes and their land are still being flooded. Today, people are fleeing Bangkok as the flood barriers are no longer holding (news link). The Thai people are used to flooding but this year is the worst in 50 years and conditions may continue to deteriorate as water creeps us the land.

October 25, 2011

People are making boats out of anything that floats. People are swimming. Some aren't making it. There have been over 800 deaths since July and many of these were kids (news link). This slow flooding isn't receiving the same attention as other natural disasters, although the numbers of causalities is comparable. Thailand has refused offers of assistance and seem to want to handle the flooding autonomously (news link).

The business world has many concerns about production and the economic affects of the flooding, some are even offering assistance to various enterprises. Meanwhile, local government officials offer assurance that the airports will continue to operate, just as they promised that the flood barriers would protect Bangkok. It may take weeks for the water to recede and months to recover from the flooding.

To end on a lighthearted note, at least the dogs are safe :)

Image: Dogs evacuated in inner tube

Sunday, October 9, 2011

Red Bull Flugtag Tampa 2011 - Maritime, um, Culture

I attended Red Bull Flugtag yesterday and it was crazy fun!!! It took place at the Tampa Convention Center. People packed onto the Tampa Convention Center steps and boats packed the water. The crowds were intense at the beginning, but more and more people made their way inside to watch in the comfort of A/C and the big screen.

The whole concept is to create something that can fly but the results are almost always something that can fall. Really well. The crashing is, without question, the best part. Participants literally run and push their contraption off the Red Bull ramp into a body of water. Yesterday, the body of water was Tampa Bay and the crashing was spectacular! Maritime Culture? Perhaps not so cultured but SO entertaining!

My favorite team was The Second Basemen, who created a large pink flying bra. Teammates wore pink bras over their life jackets. The bra was propelled to the edge and then take-off! Vertically. Down. The pilot abandoned bra and sprung forward in a beautiful half jackknife dive (graceful, but didn't straighten out). His teammates made the leap as well and bras were flying through the air!

The Second Baseman Flying Bra! 

A few of the vessels actually took flight for a whopping ten yards, but a lot didn't make it that far. All of them made it off the platform (with and without mishap). About half of them stayed up right during flight/fall and a lot of them did spectacular spins and falls. Mario Brothers mushroom vessel spun like a top before hitting the water!

Mario Brothers

Overall, I would say that Red Bull Flugtag was . . . inspiring! But not in the good way. More in the Jackass movie way. The "wouldn't this be the best idea ever? We would totally win!" comments were a dime a dozen. Some ideas were pretty unique-hopefully they remember them when they're sober ;)

Gods of Rock

Harry Potter Flight of the Dementors

Oktoberfest Flying Stein

College Hunks Hauling Junk (pretty predictable pre-flight chatter)

I shot video of two or three that I thought would actually fly. And . . .  not so much :)

Thursday, September 29, 2011

Maritime News-September

Adaptation to Marine Environments, a comparative study between Norway and Patagonia

Maritime Schools for Navigation, Engineering and Maritime Law in South Africa

Underwater Archaeology in China, Lectures at UCLA

Underwater Archaeology Field School with the Ecomuseum of the Cape of Calliveria, Menorca, Spain.

Maritime Experiential Museum & Aquarium opens in Singapore. Replica of the Jewel of Muscat (an Arab dhow)

Cape May, New Jersey. Residents continue to plan a Maritime Museum despite setbacks

International Congress of Maritime Museum Conference at the Mariner's Museum, Oct. 12-15


Early Islamic Port discovered in Yavneh-Yam, Israel

Cape Byron
Stay in an Australian Lighthouse Hotel

Excavations in the port town Kochuveli, India dated to the first and second century BCE. Finds included a man built pond and a statue of Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva (a bodhisattva who ensures safe crossing and landing for sailors).

Today and yesterday in the port town of Kadikoy, Turkey

About Santorini-Ancient Minoan Culture and Volcanic Eruptions


The History of Port, the greatest of  Maritime Wines

Slovenian Boat Show

32nd International Marine Art Exhibition at Mystic Seaport, Sept 25-Nov 13

Paddle the Navesink Day, New Jersey

Book Release-Monsters, Myths and Legends, by Terry Breverton


Odyssey Marine finds S.S. Gairssopa, estimated to have sunk with 200 tonnes of silver

The Treasure Hunter vs. Maritime Archaeology debate continues

WANTED-Artifacts stoln from the Malacca River in Malaysia, sold in Singapore


Plan for a naval heritage center in Plymouth torpedoed

City of Adelaide lifeboat
City of Adelaide lifeboat deteriorating rapidly, becoming an "eyesore"

Saturday, September 10, 2011

Prehistoric Logboat Conservation

In 2009, I had the opportunity to assist Sarah Watkins-Kenney and Lauren McMillan with taking samples from logboats at Pettigrew State Park. These boats had undergone sucrose conservation treatments in the 1980s and will need to be retreated because of the increasing deterioration of both sucrose and boats. The logboats were on display in a small shed near the lake which offered some protection from pollutants and weather conditions. The lack of temperature controls within this building led to an increased rate of sucrose deterioration.

The logboats are now awaiting conservation in an environmentally controlled building and their old shack has been demolished. These two canoes were one of a total of thirty canoes found in Lake Phelps. These were discovered in 1985 and twenty three were recorded in the late 80s.

Logboat from Lake Phelps at Pettigrew State Park. Photo by Lauren McMillan.
The Maritime Studies Conservation Lab at East Carolina University is currently conserving a log boat from Georgia. Nicole Wittig and Susanne Grieve, who are overseeing the conservation of the logboat sent me the following update and picture:

Discovered in a mid-river bar, this portion of a prehistoric dugout canoe was hewn from a single log. Currently the dugout is undergoing PEG treatment and will remain in solution for several more months before the drying process begins. In the weeks to come, samples from the canoe will be placed under scanning electron microscope (SEM) to determine effectiveness of PEG impregnation.

Emily Powell and Susanne Grieve in the PEG tank, mechanically cleaning the logboat. Photo by MSCL.

This last weekend, I visited Weedon Island Preserve and learned about their long logboat.  The Weedon Island Logboat is 39'11" but may have originally been even longer. In March, the canoe was excavated and is currently undergoing the initial stages of conservation. Phyllis Kolianos and Dr. Robert Austin are overseeing this project and discusses both conservation and curation (including environmental controls and exhibit design) during news interviews.

The dugout is soaking in a PEG1450 solution. Unfortunately, algae is growing like crazy which is a very common problem with waterlogged wood conservation. The algae problem continues and a number of solutions have been attempted. I had the chance to go and take a look at this dugout and seeing it first hand helped illustrated the significance of the problem. Luckily, both Phyllis Kolianos and Dr. Robert Austin are dedicating a lot of time and research to this project, to make sure that the dugout receives the best treatment possible.

Other prehistoric canoes of the Southeast-
Chattooga Canoe, SC
Cooper River Canoe, SC
Newnan's Lake Canoes, FL
Lake Munson Canoe, FL

For two decades, maritime and nautical archaeologists have focused on shipwrecks, for the most part sea-going vessels. In the United States, there has been very little focus on prehistoric boats or vessels, but I think this is starting to change. Two of these sites, Lake Phelps and Newnan's Lake had dozens of prehistoric canoes spanning thousands of years of habitation. Where else will you find a cluster of boats that offer such a diacronic view of maritime culture? There have also been an increasing number of fish weirs recorded in archaeological ecavations (Elliott 2003; Phelps 1989). I hope that the interest in prehistoric maritime archaeology continues to grow.

Native American Fish Weir. Photo by Joe Cook,

Phelps, David S. 1989. Ancient Pots and Dugout Canoes: Indian Life as Revealed by Archaeology at Lake Phelps.

Elliott, Rita Folse. 2003. Georgia's Inland Waters.

*Additional information added September 19, 2011

Tuesday, September 6, 2011

Book Review-The Archaeology of Maritime Landscapes

Ford, Ben (ed.). 2011. "The Archaeology of Maritime Landscapes." When the Land Meets the Sea, Vol. 2. Springer, New York.

It was an interesting read and in many ways a very necessary first step, but the various authors are all over the place in their definition of maritime landscape. This may be in part because of the infancy of the field and in part because there are overlapping areas of study that seem to all get grouped under the fancy new (since 1992) heading of "maritime cultural landscape".

One would hope that this book would help a poorly defined field gain some boundaries and clarity. It fails to do so. In The Archaeology of Maritime Landscapes, the broadest definition of maritime is used; any human activity on or with the water. Another issue is the term "landscape". It seems like maritime cultural archaeology that has little to do with landscape studies often get thrown in the Maritime Cultural Landscape handbasket. Articles that do not use an archaeological landscape methodology are utilizing the term for lack of a better one.

For example, the first chapter, "Searching for Santarosae: Surveying the Submerged Landscapes for Evidence of Paleocoastal Habitation off  California's Northern Channel Islands" by Watts et al. discusses further investigations in the Channel Islands by Jon Erlandson, Torben C. Rick, and crew. They began searching for submerged sites because of sea level change and utilized maritime archaeology techniques and methodology to do so. Searching for a submerged landscape is not the same as studying a submerged landscape. It doesn't seem that this was even a submerged landscape search, as they were searching for sites and artifacts rather than paleolandscapes.

Kristin Hoppa, a student conducting research in the Channel Islands presented at the Society for American Archaeology 2011 Conference. She examined the paleo streambeds, island conditions (lee and windward), parent rock material, and paleobotany in comparison with the archaeological finds and sites. This was essentially a maritime cultural lanscape study, although she may not have known the term. Or perhaps an island cultural landscape study? But one could split academic fields indefinitely.

Thus our first chapter is actually a submerged cultural resource survey.

Other chapters that are also submerged cultural resources surveys include: "Rock, Paper, Shipwreck! The Maritime Cultural Lanscape of Thunder Bay" by Warne R. Lusardi and "The Richest River in the World: The Maritime Cultural Landscape of the Mouth of the Rio Chagres, Republica de Panama" by James P. Delgado. Lusardi does discuss some of the shoreline structures that are now submerged but does not put these items in context. Delgado point out that the Rio Chagres is a maritime highway, and he seems to understand that maritime cultural landscapes include shoreline structures (Gatun Dam, WWII pill boxes) as well as the natural geography (historic mudbank), unfortunately the majority of this article simply lists shipwrecks and associated material culture.

Another article, "Potential Contributions of a Maritime Cultural Lanscape Approach to Submerged Prehistoric Resources, Northwestern Gulf of Mexico" by Evans and Keith, focuses entirely on submerged landscape surveys. They discuss the neccessity of submerged landscape surveys in the predictive modeling of submerged prehistoric resources.

There were several maritime material culture studies as well: "Testing the Paleo-Maritime Hypothesis for  Glacial Lake Iroqouis" by Schulz et al., "Ship to Shore: Inuit, Early Europeans, and Maritime Landscapes in the Northern Gulf of St. Lawrence" by Fitzhugh et al., and "Material Culture and Maritime Identity: Identifying Maritime Subcultures through Artifacts" by Hatch.

Some well written articles about maritime culture or maritime anthropology (distinct from maritime ethnography) discuss the meaning and importance of the sea to a maritime people: "The Binary Relationship of Sea and Land" by Westerdahl,  and "'What Do You Want to Catch?': Exploring the Maritime Cultural Landscapes of the Queenscliff Fishing Community" by Duncan.

The incorporation of cognitive and social activities as part of the maritime cultural landscape was suggested by Westerdahl himself in his later writings and is related to a similar development in cultural landscape studies (Tilley 1994) This is an interesting idea and works theoretically, yet it requires one to dispose of the methodology of landscape archaeology.

Several articles were strictly maritime cutlural landscape studies that examined the "total topography of the waterfront area" including transit points, sea routes, natural havens and place names (Westerdahl 1992). These included "Place of Special Meaning: Westerdahl's Comet, 'Agency,' and the concept of the 'Maritime Cultural Landscape'" by Flatman, "Temporal Changes in a  Precontact and Contact Period Cultural Lanscape Along the Southern Rhode Island Coast" by Jazwa, and "Modeling Maritime Culture: Galveston, Texas" by Keith and Evans.

Some of the terminology problems are evident in the titles of the articles. However, the very loose interpretation of maritime cutlural landscape did not go unrecognized by Ford:

"The objective of this book is not to present the study of maritime landscape as a unified field; it clearly is not. [ . . . ] Among the authors are scholars who have fully adopted a maritime cultural landsacpe approach and others who are experimenting with it within an existing research agenda."

And you have to give these authors a lot of credit for researching maritime cultural landscape studies and rethinking their own research. If those of us in the field of maritime studies, maritime archaeology and nautical archaeology are still developing the theoretical foundations for maritime cultural landscape studies, how can we expect others to apply this theory?

I would suggest reading the preface (Stewart) and the introduction (Ford) and then carefully select the articles that match your research: whether it be submerged cultural resource study, paleolandscape predictive modeling, maritime material culture studies, maritime ethnography, or in fact, maritime cultural landscape studies.

Tuesday, August 16, 2011

Maritime News-August

Pacific Voyagers make a stop in Mailbu to visit Chumash Indians. A meeting of traditional boat craft and descendents of indigenous people.

The new ferry Kennewick will be launched in the Puget Sound. The Kennewick will highlight the long maritime tradition of the Columbia River while transporting people through Puget Sound waters.

Artifacts eroding into the Fraser River: The position of the amateur archaeologist and collector.

NOAA and MOP divers record WWII wrecks off the south shore of Maui.


Excavation continues in Akko, a port town in Israel dating to the twelth and thirteenth centuries. The site became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001.

Dock and harbor repairs in Manitowac, Wisconsin should draw shipping and bolster economy.

Call for preservation of Asine, a seaside fortress, near Nafplio, Greece.

A port in Oman hopes to boost economy through focus on maritime heritage.

A church foundation with relics from Saint John the Baptist excavated at St. Ivan Island in Bulgaria. An earlier foundation found during excavation may be related to port activities.


Shipwrecks at Thunder Bay fast becoming a diving Mecca. (Love the pics and comments, Gandulla!)

"In Our Wake: Maine's Maritime Heritage on Film" debuts August 19. The film covers a wide range of water activities in Maine during the twentieth century.

Tilghman Watermen's Museum is creating a sequel documentary to "Growing up on Tilghman: Voices and Images of Tilghman's Island, Maryland."

Medieval Cog replica visits Kalmar County Museum (a post from one of my favorite blogs).


Original Queen Mary steamer for sale.

"Buy a piece of maritime heritage" - the historic steam ship Manxman will be dismembered after attempts to save her failed.


Our regrets to the sea-going paddle steamer Waverly in England.

Irene cancels maritime festival in Massachussets, but this does not dampen the new era of preservation at Maritime Gloucester in the slightest. Welcome to new schooner Ardelle!

Levee breaks, marsh and delta deterioration on the Mississippi River fuels criticism of the Army Corps of Engineers.

Submerged resources survey on St. Croix Islands, "Bone Island", in Maine. Inadvertent burial discovery frequent over the years from the east side of the island.

Ancient Alaskan burial discovered through GPR survey.

Burial sites discovered along the River Murray in Southern Australia.

Daniel Soderberg
Bone battle coninues between University of California San Diego and the Kumeyaay Indians. Burials originally eroded from La Jolla cliffs in 1976.

Tuesday, August 2, 2011

Annual Maritime Festivals

Below is a list of maritime festivals by state.

Juneau Maritime Festival

Festival of Sail
Long Beach Sea Festival

Everglades Seafood Festival
Florida Seafood Festival
Mighty Mullet Maritime Festival
Pensacola Seafood Festival
St. Augustine Nautical Festival (Boat Show)
Tampa Boat Show

Chicago Maritime Festival

Mandeville Seafood Festival
New Orleans Seafood Festival

Maryland Maritime Heritage Festival
Maryland Seafood Festival
Solomons Maritime Festival

Cape Cod Maritime Festival
Salem Maritime Festival

Elk Rapids Harbor Days
Great Lakes Shipwreck Festival
Michigan Schooner Festival
Rogers City Nautical Festival
Thunder Bay Maritime Festival

Duluth Music & Maritime Festival

New Hampshire
Portsmouth Maritime Folk Festival

New Jersey
Point Pleasant Beach Festival of the Sea

New York
East End Seaport Maritime Festival
Greenport Maritime Festival
Hampton Beach Seafood Festival
Long Island Maritime Museum's Seafood Festival

North Carolina
Seafood Festival

Art Sea Festival and Street Fair
Maritime Heritage Festival
Newport Loyalty Day & Sea Fair Festival

Rhode Island
Charleston Chamber of Commerce Seafood Festival

South Carolina
Charleston Harborfest

Rockport Texas Seafair

Lake Champlain Maritime Festival

Annual Tacoma Maritime Fest
Ballard Seafood Fest
Maritime Gig Festival
Olympia Harbor Days
Seattle Maritime Festival

Port Washington Maritime Festival

Ladysmith Maritime Festival
Richmond Maritime Festival

Feel free to comment with any festivities I've missed.

Saturday, July 23, 2011

Protecting Maritime Heritage

I received this e-mail a couple of weeks ago. It is about including legislation protecting maritime heritage in the National Ocean Policy initiative.

As you are aware the National Ocean Policy (NOP) initiative is still in its early stages.  Dave Ball and I both attended meetings this week in Washington state and Galveston, TX.  The public comment period is ending on July 2 (this Saturday), and at this time there still has not been a strong voice from the archaeological sector.

Bill Lees and Marc-Andre signed a joint letter this past weekend to NOC promoting the beliefs/concerns of both SHA and ACUA.  I am attaching a copy of that letter here, along with some notes that Dave compiled on the different action items proposed for the draft policy. [I did not receive this attachment]

The overriding issue with the current strategic action plans (SAP) is that maritime heritage is only mentioned in one of the nine action plans (the arctic), and the coordination efforts for all of the SAPs ignores the UNESCO Annex as best practice and the track record of BOEMRE, NPS, and NOAA’s interagency cooperation over the years.

You can find out more about and comment on the proposed SAPs here:; I would strongly encourage each of you to register your comments on line (as you can), and to pass this on to others who may contribute.  If we want to have a voice in the creation of a coherent national ocean policy, now is the time to register our concerns and our knowledge.

One of the better things that came out of the meeting I attended was the ability to connect with one of the newly appointed members of the regional group for the Gulf Coast.  We will need, as this moves forward, to identify the members of this initiative on the regional level and make ourselves available for questions and assistance. 

For better or worse this policy will impact all activities in and on the oceans, gulfs, and Great Lakes in the US.  Whether we choose to view this policy as archaeologists, fishermen, or homeowners the reality is that this policy will impact each of us.  If we want to have a say in how submerged cultural sites are treated in the future now is the time to comment.

Kimberly Faulk, MA
Marine Archaeologist
Vice Chair, Advisory Council on Underwater Archaeology

Take a minute and love your heritage and your moana!!

ECU Maritime Studies Field Schools 2009

Summer Field School 2009

I was talking to a first year today who had just finished her summer field school (Laurel Seaborn). This year the summer field school was in the good old Cashie River. A muddy river, filled with tannins and snakes. As we talked about the zero visibility and the wreck, I came to reminiscing and shall now share with you all.

Summer Field School 2009

The Cashie River is a dream compared to the PeeDee River where we did our summer field school in Florence, South Carolina. We were investigating shipwrecks and artifacts related to the Mars Bluff Naval Yard. All of our investigation took unexpected turns. The terrestrial excavation turned up prehistoric artifacts rather than historic ones, the river was flooded with dangerous currents rather than being the drowsy, calm, low level river that was expected.

Plotting my next shovel test pit, photo by Chris Amer

Our underwater forays consisted of hugging the shoreline and fighting to keep various instruments in our hands (which were soon nicknamed with the prefix death: death daisies, death right angles, death clipboards and continuing on in morbidity). Luckily we did not have a single injury although we did lose Rob and Bran to the current on separate occasions. Our DSO, Mark, would go through a few stages when this happened-stress, putting on gear at lightening speed, and relief as they reached the bank a few hundred feet downriver. It was an awesome experience to dive with several of my classmates. Laura Kate Schnitzer and I established baseline AB-I loved diving with her. Ben Siegel and I collected all kinds of artifacts. Jessica Smeeks and I attacked dredging with a relish! Thanks dive buddies-you guys are awesome! John Wagner, Nicole and I had some interesting times when we came across what we thought was an active brooke shell!

Laura Kate (left) and I (right) waiting our turn to descend, photo by Chris Amer

Dredging Operation, photo by Chris Amer
I also had the opportunity to work with a number of professionals in the field. I loved working with Chris Amer, Joe Beatty, and Carl Naylor from the South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology. They had a wealth of knowledge to share with all of us students. It was great to hear them swap yarns and chat with them while waiting to go in the water. Jonathon Leader taught a handful of us how to conduct a resistivity survey. Jonathon Leader was an excellent teacher (and an excellent baker-yum!).

Articles about ECU Summer Field School 2009

Fall Field School 2009

The fall field school was in the aforementioned Cashie River. One of my favorite days was scouting the far side of the river with the prism for total station shots. LK Schnitzer was my dive buddy for this adventure too! It was so peaceful swimming and wading along the far shore away from the mud and noise of the main site. We had a snake hanging out with us for part of the day which didn't bother me until we could no longer see where it was. It was definitely better when we knew where our "friend" was hanging out.

Laura Kate (right) and I (left) crossing the Cashie, photo by John  Ratcliffe.

I also got to map a portion of the submerged vessel. I recorded from 0-5meters and it was a huge relief to get this experience as we did not have the chance to map a wreck at summer field school. My fellow students and I did get to record a lot of small watercraft in Currituck, but it was great to use some of the underwater archaeology skills we'd acquired during our first year of grad school. Dr. Bradley Rodgers was an excellent teacher for recording submerged vessels, very thorough and we transferred recorded data to a map each day to check for any scale or angle errors.

All in all, I gained a lot of experience in zero visibility diving and recording artifacts (big and small) underwater. Do I wish we'd had a field school out in the ocean? Definitely-I love diving in the ocean and miss Hawaii moana, but I am grateful for the zero visibility and river training. I am doubly grateful for this training because as Maritime Archaeology becomes more important in Cultural Resource Management there is going to be a greater need for Maritime Archaeologists with zero visibility training and experience. I hope you first years had a good time on the Cashie!
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Maritime Culture by Whitney Rose Petrey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License